The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean, between Cuba and Puerto Rico. With an extension of 48,442 square kilometers, the country is the second largest country in the Antilles. This strategic geographic position has turned it into the main tourist destination of the region and into an ideal place for business and trade.

The climate is semitropical, with an average yearly temperature of 26°C (78°F).

The Dominican Republic has a great geographic diversity, having extensive beaches of white sand, fertile valleys with exuberant vegetation, desert zones with dune formations, mighty mountain chains where Pico Duarte, the highest peak and lake Enriquillo the biggest lake in the Caribbean.

The capital of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo. Other important cities are Santiago, San Pedro de Macorís, La Romana, Puerto Plata, Barahona, La Vega, San Francisco and Higuey.

When the Spaniards arrived on December 5, 1492, the island was inhabited by a group of Arauco Indians called "Tainos", but this population vanished in a relatively short time after the discovery.

Named by its Spanish settlers "Hispaniola", the island became the base for the expansion of the Spanish empire into the new world. The city of Santo Domingo (originally named "La Isabela") was founded in 1496, and soon became the seat of the first cathedral, the first hospital and the first university of America.

Only a year after gaining its independence from Spain in 1821, the eastern part of the island was occupied by Haiti. This occupation ended on February 27, 1844 with the proclamation of the National Independence.

In 1916 the United States army occupied the country which ended in 1922. Also in 1965 there was a military intervention by the United States, which ended in 1966.

Since then ten democratic elections have been held, alternating in power the three main political parties.

The Dominican Republic has approximately 8.4 million inhabitants. As a result of the strong urbanization process experienced by the country in the last years, more than two thirds of the population lives in the urban centers of the main cities of the nation. The capital city of Santo Domingo alone has a population of more than three million inhabitants.

Most of the Dominican population is the result of a mestization process between the Indian, European and African races. Spanish is the official language, and most of the population is catholic, but there is also an important protestant community.


Population 8.4 million
Inhabitants per Km2 173.5
Infant mortality 35.9
Population growth rate 2.7%
Life expectancy (years) 71.1 (men)
75.4 (women)

Source: National Statistics Office

The economically active population is estimated to be around 2.3 million, of which 49% are dedicated to agriculture, 33% to services and 18% to the industry.

The telecommunications system is one of the most advanced and efficient, not only within the Caribbean but also worldwide.

Jan 1st. New Year’s Day
Jan. 6th. Epiphany
Jan. 21st. Virgin Altagracia
Jan. 26th. Birthday of Juan Pablo Duarte (Founding Father of the Nation)
Feb. 27th. Independence Day
Variable Good Friday
May. 1st. Labor Day
Variable Day of Corpus Christi
Aug. 16th. Restoration of Independence
Sept. 24th. Virgin Mercedes
Nov. 6th. Constitution Day
Dec. 25th Christmas Day

The Constitution of the Dominican Republic defines the government system as being democratic, republican and presidential. The exercise of power is divided among three independent branches: executive, legislative and judicial.

The Legislative Power is invested in the National Congress, composed by two chambers: the Senate is composed of 32 Senators and the Chamber of Deputies by 150 Congressman. The members of the legislative branch are elected every four years through a direct vote of the population.

The Judicial Power is headed by the Supreme Court of Justice, which apart from working as an appeals court for all judgments rendered by judicial courts, supervises all judges in the Dominican territory. It is formed of sixteen judges designated by the National Council of Magistrates.

Each of the thirty provinces and the National District have a Governor designated by the Executive Branch, and a Mayor elected through direct vote every four years. Municipal authorities have jurisdiction to regulate and decide over local urban issues.

Capital               :    Santo Domingo de Guzmán
Population             :    8.624 million (estimate, 2001)
Area   :    48,464 sq. Km.
Currency :    Dominican peso (RD$)
Independence :    February 27, 1844
Government :    Democratic Republic
Official Language :    Spanish
Official Religion :    Roman Catholic
National Bird :    “Cigua Palmera”
National Flower :    Flor de la Caoba
Founding Father :    Juan Pablo Duarte
President :    Dr. Leonel Fernández Reyna
Vice President :    Dr. Rafael Alburquerque


Patriotic Symbols 


          The Flag                                The National Emblem


The Motherland’s Symbols constitute the highest and permanent representation of our nationality. 


Our Motherland Symbols are: The Flag, The National Emblem and The National anthem

The Flag: 

The Flag is the most sublime symbol of the freedom and national sovereignty, it is considered the core of the Mother country. 


Our Flag was conceived by the mind of the immaculate patriarch Juan Pablo Duarte, Father of the Motherland. Its design was approved by the Trinitarians on June 16, 1838. It waved proudly for the first time on February 27, 1844, our day of National Independence, sewn by Miss Concepción Bona and her cousin the youngster Maria de Jesus Pina. 


Our Constitution establishes that the National flag is made up of the colors: ocean blue and vermilion red, in cornered and alternate quarters in such a manner that the blue must be in the upper part of the mast, separated by a white cross, with a width equal to half of the height of each quarter, taking in its center shield of arms of the Republic. 

The Colors of the Flag 

The colors of the national flag have a particular meaning. The red represents the blood spilled by our liberators; the blue expresses our ideals of progress and freedom and that God protects the Dominican nation; and the cross is the symbol of the fight of our liberators to bequeath a free mother country to us. Its white color reminds us of the peace and the union that must prevail between all Dominicans.

Regulation for its use

Given the importance associated with our flag being displayed correctly and with pride by all Dominicans during our country’s historic dates; some of the norms are herewith published to be considered at the moment of making the dignified act of exhibiting it in our homes and in public places, reaffirming in this manner our strong identification with our country.



Bartolomé Colón, Christopher Columbus’ brother, founded the Dominican capital, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, in August 5th, 1497. The city reveals a striking contrast between its Old World charm and its modernistic steel and concrete structures of the present century. The Colonial Zone, is the oldest part of the city and UNESCO declared it a World Heritage site. Among its most prominent structures are the Catedral Metropolitana de Santa María de la Encarnación, the oldest in America. The fortress-like castle of Columbus’ son, Diego, the Alcázar de Colón stands on a cliff overlooking the Caribbean.


            Alcazar de Colón                  Catedral Primada de América



Fortaleza Ozama

The Tourism Factor

Tourism is, without doubt, one of the most important economic activities of the Dominican Republic and one of the fastest growing in the Caribbean. 

In 2002 more than 3 Millions tourists visited the country. Slightly more than half were European – mainly Germans, Italians, and Spaniards –, while the remainder came from Canada and, to a lesser extend, the United States. This last group has increased in 2003.


The tourism boom has prompted a frenzy of hotel construction, particularly along the country’s northern coast, around Puerto Plata and Sosua and the southeastern coast, around Bavaro and Punta Cana. The latest estimates for the end of the year 2000, put the number of hotel rooms in the Dominican Republic at 52,000 – the largest in the Caribbean – with another 4,000 rooms under construction.


The availability of hotel rooms and modern facilities to accommodate different interests has helped to make tourism one of the country’s most important industries, earning more than US$2.4 billion on foreign exchange.


For further information, please visit one of the following sites:;



National museums celebrate all aspects of Dominican life in the past and present. They house treasures and artifacts from the world over. Among them are:


  • Santo Domingo:

Museum of Dominican Man

Museum of Natural History

Museum of Dominican Family

Museum of Royal Houses

Pre-hispanic Art Museum

Viceroy Museum and Alcazar

Museum of Antique Coins

Gallery of Modern Art

Columbus Lighthouse


  • Santiago:

Tomás Morel Folklore Museum

Cultural Center Eduardo León Jiménez


  • Puerto Plata:

Amber Museum  


  • Altos de Chavón:

Archeological Museum


Spanish is the official language. French, German, Italian and English are widely spoken in tourist areas. Traffic signs and most menus in restaurants are in Spanish.


The Dominican Republic is one of the premier golf destinations in the Caribbean. Thanks to the tropical climate golfers are able to play all year round. Whether you are a golf pro or wish to embark on this fascinating sport, in the Dominican Republic you will find plenty of choices in the selection of resorts that can suit your needs.


The majority of the golf courses are found along the coast in the country's burgeoning resorts, each with its own distinct identity, and  carefully designed with the coastline and other natural elements incorporated into the design. There are over 20 courses waiting for you to enjoy and more are soon to open. Golf is one of the Dominican Republic's top attractions.




The Dominican Peso is freely exchangeable to the dollar and other  major currencies.  For  the  daily  exchange  rate visit:






Airlines that travel from the United States of America to the Dominican Republic.


United States
Dominican Republic



United Airlines

Santo Domingo



Dutch Caribbean Airlines

Av Gustavo Mejía Ricart #54
Ens. Naco, Santo Domingo
(809) 541-5566



JetBlue Airways

Santo Domingo
U S Airways

G M Ricart 54
Santo Domingo
(809) 540-0505




Santo Domingo



American Airlines

Av W Churchill
Santo Domingo
(809) 542-5151



Continental Airlines

Av W Churchill
Santo Domingo
(809) 562-6688


1-800-531 7901

Mexicana De Aviación

Av G M Ricart 54
Santo Domingo
(809) 541-1016

North American Airlines

(718) 656-2650
(718) 995-3372

North American Airlines

L A Tió 402
Santo Domingo
(809) 378-0950



©Copyright 2005-2007  Consulate-General of the Dominican Republic Bangkok Thailand